How to Grow Bonsai and Specialty Trees From Seeds

A bonsai is a little plant that is grown in a container. Although bonsai is similar to other plants, it differs slightly in that it is kept in its small form.

Storage: If seeding later, store in a cool, dry place (such as a refrigerator).

Germination techniques bonsai and specialty trees from seeds

Natural germination: Sow the bonsai tree seed in the appropriate kind of soil in the fall, and it will sprout the following spring.

Forced germination: This refers to the germination process being artificially completed. Scarification, stratification, and sowing are its three stages.

Scarification of bonsai and tree seeds

The process of softening a seed's outer shell so that water can enter the seed's inside The seeds must be left in a basin filled with water for 48 to 72 hours.

You will only use the seeds that submerge in water after soaking, since they are viable. Since the floating seeds are empty, they should be thrown away.

Stratification of bonsai and tree seeds

The procedure in which seeds are pretreated in order to induce the natural winter conditions that they need in order to germinate. For species that need cool temperatures to initiate germination in the summer, cold stratification is employed.

Winter dormancy is a phase that many tree species experience; until this dormancy is broken, the seed will not be ready to sprout.

The seed only has to be planted in a moist medium. You may purchase one from our store, or create your own. It is recommended to mix fine sand particles, pumice, vermiculite, and peat moss in a 2:1:1:1 ratio.

Once inside a Ziploc bag, proceed. It needs to be stored for 30 to 120 days in the refrigerator. During this time, the seeds go through dormancy in order to prepare for germination.

Heat stratification may be necessary for some organisms. It is an interruption to the process of cold stratification, which comes before it. The bonsai tree seeds are uncovered at room temperature in a bowl for a predetermined amount of time.

Procedure for cold-stratification of tree seeds and bonsai

  • First step: give your seeds a water soak.
  • Step 2: Fill a Ziploc with wet material like sand or peat moss. Here, it's. crucial to remember that the substrate needs to be damp but not drenched.
  • Step 3: Fill the bag with tree seeds, then seal it.
  • Step 4: Store in the refrigerator at or below 42 degrees Fahrenheit (5 C).

It's crucial to monitor your seeds and keep an eye out for any indications of fungus.

The length of time needed for stratification might vary significantly throughout species. The seeds are ready to be taken out of the refrigerator and planted once they have sprouted.

Kindly consult check the product page to learn about the requirements for each species' stratification.

Basic ideas of scarification and stratification include the necessity for cold stratification before germination for temperate tree species like maples. For tree species, cold stratification entails a cold state and damp phase, particularly throughout the winter.

In the fall, these species of tree seeds fall from the parent plant. They usually stay on the ground during the icy winter months. After the chilly winter, higher springtime temperatures cause them to sprout or germinate.

Procedure for warm-stratification of tree seeds and bonsai

Instead of using the fridge or freezer approach described above for cold stratification, keep your seeds somewhere between 68 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit for warm stratification.

Every few days, check to see if the seeds still have water, and add more if necessary. Refer to the directions provided by your plant specifically for the length of time that seeds need to be stratified on the product page.

Planting: It is necessary to sow the bonsai tree seed in appropriate soil. The seed for a bonsai tree should be planted half an inch deep, and the soil needs to stay moist for the seed to sprout.

The bonsai seed planting process

Step 1:Plant in shallow pots that measure 3 to 5 inches deep and between 4 and 6 inches in diameter . For a bonsai to be healthy, selecting the right soil is crucial. 

Step 2: Ensure that there is room between each seed and distribute the seeds equally throughout the soil.

Step 3: The dirt should be buried half an inch below the bonsai seed.

Step 4: Use a lot of water. You can start applying modest amounts of fertilizer about six weeks after your bonsai grows.

Bonsai seedlings process

You will need to move your bonsai into its own pot once it has developed from a seed to a seedling, but you must be extremely careful not to break it. 

As the bonsai matures from a seed to a seedling. You will have to transfer it into its own pot, but you must be very careful not to break it. 

Make sure the roots remain wet. If permitted to grow into an ordinary tree, the seedling will develop a tap root, and it will firmly connect itself to the ground and spread through the soil in search of essential nutrients.

This tap root should be removed from bonsai, ideally within the first year. The lateral roots should then uniformly diverge to become the surface roots.

Essential growth requirements for bonsai 

Water and sunlight are the two most important growth requirements for bonsai tree seeds. To ensure the healthy growth and development of your bonsai tree seed species, you must be aware of its growing requirements.

Selecting the ideal soil for bonsai

Commercial potting soil that is both organic and well-draining is ideal for most tree species, including maple and pine. Never plant a bonsai tree on garden soil.

Garden soil is typically not sterilized and is too heavy for a bonsai pot. It's possible that the tree seed you used to create your bonsai won't make it.

Pruning and styling bonsai

Pruning the tree should resemble the bonsai form you intend to eventually achieve. When a sapling is one or two years old, its trunk can still be easily managed.

You can alter its shape by gently wiring it or by positioning the pot at odd angles and shifting it once a year.

When selecting a seedling, keep in mind that your bonsai's form is influenced by both species and training, rather than either one alone. Certain species are easier to train because they are more skilled in particular forms.

From a seed to a beautifully shaped, distinctively designed bonsai tree that is nurtured over many years, it can be inherited by future generations.

EducaredEasy Bonsai Starter Kit: You might want to consider purchasing an easy bonsai starter kit from our shop if you feel that gathering all the supplies needed to develop a bonsai tree is too much for you.